The process of testing applications for mobile devices for functionality, usability, performance, and other factors is known as mobile testing. Mobile application testing is done to ensure that the application meets all the user requirements and expectations. It mainly involves analyzing mobile apps. It maximizes the performance of the applications. Mobile testing is a multi-step procedure. Depending on the mobile app, the developer should choose the right type of mobile testing. It is better to use all types of mobile testing.
Types of Mobile Testing
There are many types of mobile testing. Each type of mobile testing has various goals and benefits for developers and users. Following are the different types of mobile testing.
1. Functional Testing
In functional testing, the core functions of an application are tested to check whether they are performing optimally. The main goal of functional testing is to see if the app is functioning as intended. Features such as graphical components and other specialized operations are tested in functional testing.
The following are the advantages of functional testing.
• Make sure to guarantee app user satisfaction.
• Eliminates any mobile application functional flaws.
• Able to determine whether each user’s functional requirements were satisfied.
• Lessens the gamble of terrible client feedback.
2. Compatibility Testing
In compatibility testing, non-functional aspects of an application are tested to check whether performing optimally. The main goal of compatibility testing is to see the compatibility of mobile application software, such as iOS, Windows, and Android, hardware requirements, and changing networks.
The following are the advantages of compatibility testing.
• Helps to test mobile application’s scalability, compatibility, and stability.
• Lessen the future assist work area with costing
• Assists developers with resolving issues connected with the interoperability of applications between various platforms.
3. Usability Testing
Usability testing is testing mobile applications with actual users utilizing the gadgets. The primary objective of usability testing is to comprehend the application’s response time, ease of use, and design.
The following are the advantages of usability testing.
• Detect potential issues before launching the mobile app.
• Ensures that the front-end design is attractive.
• Reduce product failure.
4. Performance and Load Testing
Performance and load testing test a mobile application’s function under users’ workload. The main goal of performance and load testing is to detect device performance issues, such as how much memory and battery the mobile application uses and how long it takes for the application to start up and respond.
The following are the advantages of performance and load testing.
• Identifies and addresses the fundamental issues affecting the mobile app’s performance to guarantee that the application effectively carries out its fundamental functions.
• Assess the mobile app’s accuracy, stability, and speed.
• Maximise user contentment
5. Localisation Testing
Localization testing is testing mobile applications to determine whether a mobile app’s user interface or graphics are appropriate for a specific culture, language, or device accessibility. The main goal of localization testing is to check whether an application can translate into multiple languages.
The following are the advantages of localization testing.
• Increase in the rate of app adoption in specific regions.
• Deliver high-quality software to the market.
• Ensure that the mobile app conforms to local dates, times, and other regional parameters.
6. Installation Testing
Installation testing is the testing of mobile applications to evaluate the installation process. The main goal of installation testing is an error-free and uninterrupted installation of the mobile application.
The following are the advantages of Installation testing.
• Make sure that all of the mobile app’s modules, sections, and versions are checked.
• Make sure that the process of installing a particular mobile app meets the standards of the client and industry it serves.
7. Security Testing
Security testing is the testing of mobile applications to detect security risks. The main goal of security testing is to identify potential vulnerabilities, the location of these vulnerabilities, and other threats.
The following are the advantages of security testing.
• Ensures the safety of the mobile application.
• Helps to identify security vulnerabilities.
• Identify disastrous defects in the portable application design.
8. Manual Testing
Manual testing is the testing of mobile applications using human experience to examine the functions of software systems. The main goal of manual testing is to check whether the finished product works as intended.
9. Automated Testing
Automated testing is the testing of mobile applications without using human experience to examine the functions of software systems. The main goal of automated testing is to produce high-quality mobile applications by testing matters that are too routine and time-consuming for humans. It minimizes human errors. This type of testing is made with the help of a script.
10. User Interface Testing
User interface (UI) testing ensures that a mobile app’s visual elements and controls work as intended. This includes testing buttons, menus, dropdowns, text fields, images, animations, and more. Some key aspects of UI testing include:
Automated UI testing helps test a lot of scenarios quickly. Tools like Appium automate interactions to test layouts, and user flows and catches regressions early.
11. API/Backend Testing
API/backend testing validates the server-side components of a mobile application. This includes testing the RESTful APIs, databases, payment gateways, and other backend integrations. Some key aspects include:
API testing tools like Postman help debug requests and mock responses. Load testing tools generate simulated user load on APIs.
12. Device Testing
Device testing validates the application across various devices to ensure compatibility. It includes:
Real device labs and cloud testing services provide simultaneous cross-device testing to ensure widespread hardware compatibility.
In this article, we discussed about 12 different types of mobile testing. You can choose any one or more testing methods that you feel fit for your app so that you can understand the flaws of your apps easily. Employing a mix of UI, API/backend, device, and other types of testing helps build robust, stable, and user-friendly mobile applications. Regular testing throughout the development and maintenance phases helps achieve quality.